Introduction: Taiwan’s military-civilian relations have become a major issue of public concern. Topics such as reform of the compulsory service and development of the defense industry have all jumped into the public eye in the context of an increasing and more obvious geopolitical pressure, especially since the start of the Ukraine war this year. Although Taiwan’s military sociology research has already a long history, most media and public debates seem to pay more attention to the views of political science and international relations, and less so from sociology. The research team on Asian Social Transformation in Comparative Perspective of the Institute of Sociology at Academia Sinica has therefore taken interest in these issues over the past two years. Following a series of lectures on topics such as Taiwan’s security issues and the nationalization of the military, along with the international academic workshop we held last year, during this year’s workshop held in cooperation with TSA & Ping-Tung University, we hope to deepen this thematic by gathering recent research on the cases of Taiwan, Japan, Australia, India, the Philippines, etc., and we hope it will contribute to inciting more sociologists to dive into this field of research.
主持人：彭保羅 Paul JOBIN
題目：Perceived Risk and Willingness to Fight: World Value Surveys Evidence （風險感知與作 戰意願：世界價值觀調查的證據）
Keywords: willingness to fight; perceived risk of war; public opinion
題目：Survey Research of Topics in Taiwan’s Civil-Military Relations: A Review of the Literature （台灣軍民關係議題調查研究的文獻回顧）
Even before the Ukraine War broke out, increased PRC military intimidation of Taiwan since 2016 and the precarious military balance in the Taiwan Strait had led to an upsurge in opinion surveys— mainly of Taiwan’s general public— on a host of civil-military topics including: the length of compulsory military service; the length and frequency of reservist training; recruitment and retention of professional soldiers; possible reinstitution of a conscript army system; support for military exercises and civil defense drills; media coverage of the military and defense-related information on social media; military threat-level perceptions; assessments of the military’s capacity to fend off an attack; and popular will to fight. While this survey research is certainly welcome, this paper will suggest that it could benefit from a firmer grounding in the history of Taiwan’s civil-military relations, in theory, and in sound survey methodology, as well as from increased coordination among researchers and between civilian and defense-related research institutions.
Keywords: civil-military relations; tri-partite model; survey research; Taiwanese public opinion
發表人：Ben WADHAM (澳洲Flinders大學教育、心理暨社工學院副教授)
題目：Widening Gap – Converging Relations: The Changing Character of Australian Civil-Military Relations（斷層擴大—關係重合：澳洲軍民關係變遷的性質）
Keywords: civil-military relations; culture gap; civil-military divided; extremism; ANZUS; Indo- Pacific
發表人：Anit MUKHERJEE(新加坡南洋理工大學 RSIS國際研究學院副教授)
題目：India’s Twin Transformations: The State, Military and Society in India（印度的雙生轉型：印度的國家、軍事與社會）
India is among the few post-colonial states with firm civilian control, as its military has never threatened its democratic order. What are the causes and consequences of India’s model of civilian control? Additionally, considering rise in border tensions vis-à-vis China, how does the Indian public think about its military and does it support the notion of the Quad? While covering all these developments, including current changes in defense policies, this paper analyses the debates currently underway in civil-military relations and between the Indian military and its society. While doing so, it also sheds light on some conceptual ideas underlying democratic civilian control. The research for this paper is informed by more than 200 interviews with current and former Indian policymakers, including politicians, bureaucrats, and military officers.
Keywords: Civil-military relations; India; China; Military Transformation; State-Society Relations