Introduction: Taiwan’s military-civilian relations have become a major issue of public concern. Topics such as reform of the compulsory service and development of the defense industry have all jumped into the public eye in the context of an increasing and more obvious geopolitical pressure, especially since the start of the Ukraine war this year. Although Taiwan’s military sociology research has already a long history, most media and public debates seem to pay more attention to the views of political science and international relations, and less so from sociology. The research team on Asian Social Transformation in Comparative Perspective of the Institute of Sociology at Academia Sinica has therefore taken interest in these issues over the past two years. Following a series of lectures on topics such as Taiwan’s security issues and the nationalization of the military, along with the international academic workshop we held last year, during this year’s workshop held in cooperation with TSA & Ping-Tung University, we hope to deepen this thematic by gathering recent research on the cases of Taiwan, Japan, Australia, India, the Philippines, etc., and we hope it will contribute to inciting more sociologists to dive into this field of research.
題目：Civil-Military Relations in the Philippines:
Explaining the Politicized Turn of the AFP during the Duterte Administration（菲律賓的軍民關係：解釋杜特蒂執政時期菲軍的政治化轉向）
Keywords: The Armed Forces of the Philippines; Civil-military relations; Transition to democracy; military professionalism; Duterte
題目：民主斷層和軍方：緬式民主與進退維谷的政治轉型(Democratic Gap and the Military: Burmese Democracy and Political Transformations in a Quandary)
發表人：Anit Mukherjee (Associate Professor S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS)Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)
題目： Contesting Strategies: The Quad, Southeast Asia and the Indo-Pacific（戰略的角逐：四方安全對話、東南亞與印太地區）
題目：Bringing Geopolitics Back In: Selfreliant National Defense in 1970s South Korea and Taiwan（把地緣政治帶回來：1970 年代台韓的自給國防）
The Nixon Doctrine with the withdrawal of US troops from Asia propelled a self-reliant defense-induced industrialization in both South Korea and Taiwan in the 1970s. Korea became a model of latecomer industrialization of the military-industrial complex. Despite facing similar challenges, Taiwan was an unfit case, because contested statehood limited its access to technology and choices. Its contested statehood was exemplified in its diplomatic isolation, first losing seats in the UN in 1972 and then diplomatic ties with most advanced countries as the latter normalized relationships with the People’s Republic of China. These geopolitical events form the basis for understanding Taiwan’s relationships with other countries and its industrialization trajectory. Through the development of missile projects in both countries in the 1970s, this paper demonstrates that Korea’s self-reliant defense was realized through global connections with transnational flows of knowledge and technology that subsequently formed the basis of the defense-civilian industry nexus. In contrast, Taiwan’s defense-induced industrialization resulted in a thorough self-reliance with limited access to global technology and limited diffusion from the military to civilian industries. This paper contributes to the debate on the origins of the developmental state and the relationships within the military and industry nexus.
Keywords: self-reliant defense; Heavy and Chemical Industrialization drive; cold war geopolitics; Taiwan; South Korea; developmental state