Introduction: Taiwan’s military-civilian relations have become a major issue of public concern. Topics such as reform of the compulsory service and development of the defense industry have all jumped into the public eye in the context of an increasing and more obvious geopolitical pressure, especially since the start of the Ukraine war this year. Although Taiwan’s military sociology research has already a long history, most media and public debates seem to pay more attention to the views of political science and international relations, and less so from sociology. The research team on Asian Social Transformation in Comparative Perspective of the Institute of Sociology at Academia Sinica has therefore taken interest in these issues over the past two years. Following a series of lectures on topics such as Taiwan’s security issues and the nationalization of the military, along with the international academic workshop we held last year, during this year’s workshop held in cooperation with TSA & Ping-Tung University, we hope to deepen this thematic by gathering recent research on the cases of Taiwan, Japan, Australia, India, the Philippines, etc., and we hope it will contribute to inciting more sociologists to dive into this field of research.
題目： Narrative of Friend and Potential Enemy ? Japan’s Changing Perception of China and its Impact on Social Norms（盟友和潛在敵人的敘事？日本對中國的認知以及其對社會規範的影響）
Facing the challenge of a rising China, does Japanese government change its threat perception of China? Does the change of threat perception impact Japan’s security policy? Do Japanese domestic legal and social norms shift to response to these new security concerns? Drawing from Japanese official documents and leaders’ remarks, this article indicate not only Japanese government, Abe Administration in particular, has perceived China’s increasing military capabilities and its maritime activities near the Senkaku Islands as a threat, but also form a narrative that Japan must work with like-minded friends, namely the United States and its allies, to deter these existing and forthcoming threats. The changes of threat perception directly led to the change of legal norms, including the reinterpretation of the Constitution to allow Japan to exercise the right to collective self-defense and a series of security legislation enacted in 2015. Moreover, by referring to surveys on perception toward China, polls on security policy, support rate to political party etc., this article shows that the Japanese public generally support the increasing cooperation between Japan and the US and its allies, not in favor of China, and support LDP’s defense policy.
Keywords: Threat perception; Japanese security policy; U.S.-Japan relations; Sino-Japanese relations; Social norms
發表人：彭保羅 Paul JOBIN、平井新 Arata HIRAI (中研院社會所副研究員/早稲田大學地域・地域間研究機構次席研究員)
題目：How Much “Pro-Taiwan” Japanese Politicians Really Care for Taiwan?（日本的「親台」政治人物到底多關心台灣？）
Beyond public expressions of concern (such as Abe’s December 2021 call to end U.S.’ “strategic ambiguity” over Taiwan) and mutual support (e.g., after Fukushima nuclear disaster or during the covid-19 pandemic), more concrete actions such as militarization of the Yaeyama region adjacent to Taiwan are far from being fully discussed and welcomed by the population of Okinawan or the Japanese people in general. It remains therefore unclear to what extent expressions of concern for Taiwan will decide Japan to intervene in case of a military aggression from China against Taiwan, provided it would not immediately affect Japanese territorial sovereignty (starting with the Senkaku and Yonaguni). In other words, is Taiwan a vital issue for Japanese right-wing “pro-Taiwan” politicians or rather an additional pretext to change the Constitution? Through a review of the literature in Chinese, English and Japanese, and interviews with specialists in Tokyo, Taipei and Okinawa, this paper will analyze the recent moves of “pro-Taiwan” Japanese politicians and intend to evaluate their impact.
Keywords: Japan-Taiwan relations; the “1972 setup”; the “2021 setup”
發表人：石原忠浩 Tadahiro ISHIHARA (政治大學日本研究學位學程助理教授)
題目：日本推動修憲過程的國內因素(Domestic Factors in the Process of Pushing Forward Japan’s Constitution Amendment Agenda)