題目：Vladimir Stolojan-filipesco Political and mnemonic socialization of high-school students: a case study from central Taiwan
摘要：Understood as the “developmental processes by which individuals acquire political identities, beliefs, values, attitudes and patterns of behavior [that] could be applied to many other features of political life” the concept of political socialization is first defined in 1954 (Wasburn, Adkins Covert,2017: 3). Studies on socialization were dominated in the following three decades by the “persistent perspective”, an approach in which family and school are seen as the main agents of socialization. Under this framework, patterns acquired during one’s youth are decisive in framing the individual’s attitudes and patterns at the adult age. Although more recent works favor the “lifelong perspective”, which envisages socialization in terms of successive phases and dispositions that an individual may activate according to the different contexts he encounters, the primary and secondary schooling years remain identified as an extremely influential period in one’s socialization.
Less common than political socialization, the notion of mnemonic socialization has been coined by Eviatar Zerubavel for whom “all subsequent interpretations of our early « recollections » are only reinterpretations of the way they were originally experienced and remembered within the context of our family. Yet the process of mnemonic socialization also continues beyond the family and entering a new thought community (such as when we get married, start a new job, convert to another religion, or emigrate to another country) usually entails reinterpreting our personal recollections in light of some new mnemonic tradition. The notion of a tradition of remembering (mostly commonly manifested in the form of required history classes in school) underscores the normative dimension of memory (…)” (Zerubavel, 1996: 286). This contribution explores the relationship between these two types of socialization. Considering that, as the same agents – mainly, the family and education institutions – assume an equally essential role in forming one’s political perceptions and one’s understanding of the past, I conducted in 2021 a questionnaire survey in two senior high schools located in Yunlin. Its main purpose was to understand the interrelation between these two types of socialization. The questionnaire is divided into five main sections, usage of the media and internet, political views and attitudes, representations of history, and national identification. In this presentation, I will examine the answers given by 198 students who were in their third and last year of senior high school. I will also detail the difficulties encountered in carrying out this survey, which illustrates the particularities of the Taiwanese context when it comes to the study of the politicization of the youth.
關鍵詞：social changes, sociology of youth, socialization, high school students, Yunlin