Professor (Kyoto Sangyo University)
Emeritus Professor (Kyoto University)
Founding Director (Kyoto University Asian Studies Unit )(KUASU)
題目/ Title： A new vista on Asian families and intimacies: creating common foundations for knowledge production within and on Asia
A three-level project has been carried out to fulfil the mission of creating common foundations for international research collaboration within and on Asia. The first level is the collection, translation and sharing of important research findings from Asian insider perspectives that had been published or presented in the various languages in Asia. The second is to create a common basis for empirical research by building a database for international comparison. On the third level, effective international collaborative research projects focusing on various topics are made possible. Diversity in Asia has usually been taken to mean diversity of civilisations, but, at a deeper level is found the diversity rooted in kinship structure. This layer plays particularly important roles in constructing local forms of family, gender and intimacy. On top of these, modernisation created another layer. These layers influence each other at various times and to various degrees, constructing a dynamic diversity.
Keywords: Asia, international research collaboration, Asia’s multilayered diversity, Asian insider perspectives
發表人/ Presenter：Susanne YP Choi (Professor, Department of Sociology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong)
題目/Title：Being Filial, Being Sexually Non-normative – LGBTQ People Negotiating Intergenerational Obligations in Post-Socialist China
The tenet of filial piety has long been viewed as a central moral compass and cultural script guiding intergenerational interactions in Chinese societies. It stipulates the obligations of the junior generation towards their parents and grandparents. However, culture is never static. It is dynamic and subject to social transformations and individual improvision. This paper conducts an intersectional analysis to examine 165 LGBTQ life stories. It investigates how LGBTQ people from different class backgrounds and with various gender habitus decode, interpret, renegotiate, and practice filial piety when their non-normative sexuality prevents them from fulfilling filial obligations expected by their parents. The findings shed light on how tradition co-exists with transformation in Chinese families. They illustrate how individuals try to balance traditional collectivist ethos with individualistic desires. They also delineate how reproduction and changes of intergenerational relationships are mediated by class and gender inequalities in an era of neo-liberalization of social reproduction.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng (Research Professor, Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica)
題目/Title：Attitudes towards Homosexuality and Same-sex Marriages in Taiwan
Marriage rates have been declining in Taiwan with the emergence of more non-traditional families. In the meantime, public opinions towards homosexuality have been changing as Taiwan becomes the first Asian country to grants marriage rights to same-sex couples in late May, 2019. This presentation will offer an overview of increasing tolerance for homosexuality in Taiwan over the past decades and the underlying drive forces of such change. Then, the characteristics of the first wave of same-sex marriages registered in 2019–2020 will also be shown and compare them with the characteristics of heterosexual marriages. Implications on current and future family changes in Taiwan and East Asia will be discussed.
Lake Lui (Associate Professor, Department of Sociology at National Taiwan University)
題目/Title：Finishing the “unfinished revolution”?: College-educated mothers’ resistance to intensive mothering
Intensive mothering, a classed and gendered practice optimally performed by stay-at-home mothers, is a dominant parenting ideology, particularly in developed societies with wide disparities in wealth. Ironically, in these societies women tend to be well educated and have good employment prospects that are expected to free them from domestic obligations. Facing competing expectations shaped by the institutions of work and the family, how do college-educated mothers consider ending or limiting their participation in the workforce, or holding jobs while resolving the moral dilemma of being both a worker and a mother? We compared 33 college-educated Hong Kong mothers engaged in different professions, and constructed typologies that describe how intersecting ideologies of mothering and work shape work-family arrangements. We paid special attention to mothers with strong commitment to their work, but with different ideologies about mothering. Some espouse the ideology of intensive mothering. Their belief in gender essentialism proved exhausting for them, both at work and at home. While away from home, these mothers supervised domestic helpers from their workplaces. Other women value their professions as emblematic of their identity as the perfect mother— an integrated form of mothering, thus feeling no guilt for delegating childcare responsibilities. We argue that given the entrenched gender inequality in workplaces and men’s slow progress in doing their share of domestic work, the emergence of integrated mothering both rhetorically and in practice reflects women’s striving to bring the “unfinished revolution” closer to the finish line.